Materials Chemistry and Physics, Vol.92, No.2-3, 361-365, 2005
Effect of epoxide equivalent on microstructure of epoxy/rectorite nanocomposite studied by positrons
The epoxy/rectorite nanocomposites with different epoxide equivalent ranging from 188 to I 110 were prepared and the effects of epoxide equivalent on microstructure of materials were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and positron annihilation lifetime spectroscope (PALS). In nanocomposites, the formation of exfoliated structure was observed from XRD pattern at epoxide equivalent > 263. The PALS measurements reveal that the fractional free volume in nanocomposites was strongly affected by epoxide equivalent, in particular, the free-volume concentration was dramatically decreased with the increasing epoxide equivalent from 188 to 263, and the S parameter indicates the rectorite structure change and the high sensitivity of positron annihilation to the entry of rectorite into epoxy. These results indicate that positron annihilation characteristics are useful for study the microstructure of epoxy/rectorite nanocomposites. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.