Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.143, No.1-2, 341-348, 2007
Trimethylamine (TMA) biofiltration and transformation in biofilters
Bioremoval of trimethylamine (TMA) in two three-stage biofilters packed with compost (A) and sludge (B), respectively, was investigated. Both biofilters were operated with an influent TMA concentration of 19.2-57.2 mg m(-3) for 67 days. Results showed that all of the inlet TMA could be removed by both biofilters. However, removal efficiency and transformation of TMA in each section of both biofilters was different. In the Introduction section, TMA removal efficiency and maximum elimination capacity of the compost medium were greater than those of sludge medium under higher inlet TMA concentration. In comparison with biofilter A, considerably higher NH3 concentrations in effluent of all three sections in biofilter B were observed after day 19. Although, NO2--N concentration in each section of biofilter A was relatively lower, NO3--N content in each section of biofilter A increased after day 26, especially in the Materials and method section which increased remarkably due to a lesser amount of TMA and higher ammonia oxidation and nitrification in compost medium. In contrast, neither NO2--N nor NO3--N were detected in either section of biofilter B at any time throughout the course of the experiment. The cumulative results indicated that compost is more favorable for the growth of TMA-degrading and nitrifying bacteria as compared to the sludge and could be a highly suitable packing material for biodegradation and transformation of TMA. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.