화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.143, No.1-2, 233-239, 2007
Mathematical modelling of 4-chlorophenol inhibition on COD and 4-chlorophenol removals in an activated sludge unit
A mathematical model was developed for an activated sludge unit treating 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) containing synthetic wastewater composed of diluted molasses, urea, KH2PO4 and MgSO4 with COD and 4-CP contents of 2500 and 500 mg 1(-1), respectively. The model included 4-CP inhibition on COD and 4-CP removals. Experimental data obtained at different hydraulic residence times (HRT = 5-30 h) and sludge ages (SRT, 3-30 days) were used to estimate the kinetic and inhibition constants for COD and 4-CP removal rates. 4-CP inhibition on COD removal was negligible while the inhibition on 4-CP removal was significant. The specific rate constant (k), saturation constant (K-s,) for COD oxidation were found to be 2.64 day(-1) and 559 mg 1-1, respectively. A similar model was used for 4-CP oxidation in the activated sludge unit and the constants were found to be k'= 1.44 day(-1), k,=25.7 mg 1-1, k(CP)=559 mg 1-1 and Kj,cp = 17 mg 1-1. Increases in death rate constant because of 4-CP inhibition was also quantified and the inhibition constants were determined for both COD and 4-CP removals. Model predictions with the estimated kinetic constants were in good agreement with the experimental data. Developed model can be used to estimate the performance of an activated sludge unit treating 4-CP containing wastewater under the specified experimental conditions.