Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.136, No.3, 874-881, 2006
Characterization and photo-Fenton treatment of used tires leachate
In this study the leachates derived from used tires were firstly characterized by means of the evaluation of their organic matter content. The leachate from tire powder presented a COD value of 508 Mg O-2 l(-1) and a TOC of 214 mg C l(-1). The main identified organic substances were constituents of the rubber structure: benzothiazole derivatives, phthalates, phenolic derivatives, hydrocarbons and fatty acids. The application of photo-Fenton treatment was investigated in order to obtain the maximum organic matter removal. When a solar chamber as light source was used (light intensity = 500 W m(-2)), the best operational conditions were the following: [H2O2] = 3703 mg l(-1), [Fe-2+] = 92.1 mg l(-1), initial pH 2.7-3.0, reaction time = 100 min. After the photo-Fenton treatment at optimum conditions, the reached COD and TOC reduction was 64% and 48%, respectively. The main initial organic substances were eliminated after the reaction and no significant by-products were identified. A complementary treatment consisted of coagulation-flocculation carried out with FeCl3 center dot 6H(2)O at pH 12 produced a maximum organic matter removal of 43% as COD and 39% as TOC. A combination of photo-Fenton followed by coagulation-flocculation enhanced the organic matter removal: a reduction of 77% of COD and 64% of TOC was attained. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.