Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.86, No.1-3, 153-170, 2001
Mining conflicts, environmental justice, and valuation
In this article some historical and contemporary mining conflicts are described. The international environmental liability of mining corporations is discussed. Comparisons are made with conflicts in the United States and in South Africa which fall under the rubric of the Environmental Justice movement. Such conflicts are fought out in many languages, and the economic valuation of damages is only one of such languages. Who has the power to impose particular languages of valuation? Who rules over the ways and means of simplifying complexity, deciding that some points of view are out of order? Who has power to determine which is the bottom-line in an environmental discussion?
Keywords:ecological distribution conflicts;environmentalism of the poor;environmental justice;environmental liability;copper mining;ecological economics;valuation