Separation and Purification Technology, Vol.50, No.1, 1-7, 2006
Isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics of dye biosorption by anaerobic sludge
Experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption characteristics of dyes by anaerobic sludge in this study. Influence of dye type, sorption time, initial dye concentration, sludge concentration and temperature on dye biosorption was evaluated. Furthermore, the isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamic of biosorption were also explored. Experimental results show that anaerobic sludge had a much higher equilibrium adsorption density on Rhodamine B than on Eosin Y. The adsorption density of Rhodamine B onto sludge decreased with enhancing sludge concentration. At a lower Rhodamine B. concentration, adsorption could reach saturation in a lower sludge concentration. Results also indicate that both Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models were able to adequately describe the biosorption equilibrium of Rhodamine B onto anaerobic sludge. The biosorption followed the pseudo second-order adsorption kinetics. (C) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:anaerobic sludge;biosorption;dye;eosin Y;Freundlich model;kinetics;Langmuir model;rhodamine B;thermodynamics