Journal of Molecular Catalysis A-Chemical, Vol.247, No.1-2, 73-79, 2006
Hydroxylation of phenol with H2O2 over Fe2+ and/or Co2+ ion-exchanged NaY catalyst in the fixed-bed flow reactor
The catalysts, Fe-NaY, Co-NaY and Fe-Co-NaY, were prepared by ion-exchange of NaY through the wet method, and characterized. Their catalytic performance was evaluated for the hydroxylation of phenol between 30 and 90 degrees C. The Fe-Co-NaY catalyst showed higher activity than either Fe-NaY or Co-NaY catalysts. The optimum temperature was found to be 70 degrees C. The reaction conditions, phenol/H2O2, water/phenol and WHSV, were found to remarkably influence the activity of the catalysts. Under the optimum reaction conditions, 21.8% phenol conversion was obtained with 44.8% selectivity to catechol, and 16.5% to hydroquinone. Based on the high phenol conversion over Fe-Co-NaY compared to Fe-NaY and Co-NaY catalysts, it was suggested that well-dispersed Fe with optimum loading was the requirement for high phenol conversion and products selectivity. The long-run catalytic test for 44 h confirmed the absence of leaching of metal ion from the pores of Fe-Co-NaY catalyst. The reaction was carried Out in a fixed-bed now reactor, which could be a convenient solution to the problem of the batch type reactor in industrial applications. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.