Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.135, No.3, 181-192, 2006
Resveratrol-induced cell inhibition of growth and apoptosis in MCF7 human breast cancer cells are associated with modulation of phosphorylated Akt and caspase-9
Resveratrol (trans-3,4N,-5-trihydroxystilbene), a phytoalexin present in grapes and red wine, is emerging as a natural compound with potential anticancer properties. Here we show that resveratrol affects the growth of human breast cancer cell lines MCF7, MDA-M.B-231, SK-BR-3, and Bcap-37 in a dose-dependent manner and that MCF7 is the most sensitive among the four cell lines. MCF7 cells treated with resveratrol showed typical characteristics of apoptosis including the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling-positive staining, and morphologic changes. Phosphorylation of the oncogene product Akt was significantly reduced followed by decreased phosphorylation and increased processing of pro-caspase-9 on resveratrol treatment. These results indicate that resveratrol seems to exert its growth-inhibitory/apoptotic effect on the breast cancer cell line MCF7 via the Akt-caspase-9 pathway.