화학공학소재연구정보센터
Clean Technology, Vol.12, No.4, 232-237, December, 2006
분무건조법에 의한 높은 내마모성 아연계 탈황제를 제조하기 위한 슬러리의 pH와 점도에의 영향
Effect of Slurry on the pH and Viscosity for the Preparation of High Attrition Resistance Zinc-based Desulfurization Sorbents by Spray Drying Method
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초록
본 연구에서는 분무건조법으로 유동층용 아연계 탈황제를 제조하는 과정에서, 슬러리의 pH와 점도가 성형된 탈황제의 내마모성에 미치는 영향이 조사되었다. 아연계 탈황제의 내마모성을 개선하기 위하여 무기성 결합제로 알루미나 졸이 사용되었으며 슬러리에 들어있는 무기 결합제의 효과적인 분산을 위하여 슬러리의 pH가 조절되었다. 슬러리의 pH가 높아 알칼리성인 경우 알루미나 졸이 겔 상태로 변하여 슬러리의 점도가 높아지며 성형된 탈황제의 내마모성이 저하 되었다. 본 연구의 실험결과, 슬러리의 pH가 6으로 조절되어 성형된 탈황제가 가장 좋은 내마모성을 나타내었다. 또한 슬러리의 점도에 따라 성형된 탈황제의 밀도와 표면적 그리고 기공도가 달라졌으며, 이로부터 탈황제의 마모 특성이 결정됨을 알 수 있었다. 성형된 탈황제의 내마모성은 밀도가 높고, 표면적과 기공도가 낮을수록 높아지는 것으로 나타났으며, 최적 점도범위는 약 400-550 cP 정도였다.
The zinc-based desulfurization sorbents for a fluidized-bed system were prepared by a spray drying method and the effects of the pH and viscosity of the slurry on the sttrition resistance of the prepared sorbents were investigated in this work. In order to improve the attrition resistance, alumina sol was used for an inorganic binder and pH of the slurry was changed for its better dispersion in slurry. The attrition resistance of the prepared sorbents decreased due to the phase transiton of alumina sol to gel as the slurry pH increased to its basicity. The optimum pH condition for the good attrition resistance of the sorbents was about 6.0 in this study. It was confirmed that the attrition property of the sorbents were varied with the viscosity of the slurry. The attrition resistance of the sorbents prepared by the spray drying method increased as their bulk density incresaed, while it decreased as the surface area and porosity of the sorbents. The optimum viscosity for the high attrition was in the range 400-500 cP.
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