Solid State Ionics, Vol.177, No.15-16, 1281-1286, 2006
Synthesis and ionic conductivity of polymeric ion gel containing room temperature ionic liquid and phosphotungstic acid
Composite electrolyte comprising phosphotungstic acid (PWA) filler and 1-butyl-3-methyl-imidazolium-tetrafluoroborate (BMImBF(4)) room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) in poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) matrix has been prepared. The polymer matrix was formed by free radical polymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) monomers. BMImBF4 was used as both ionic source and plasticizer, and PWA filler provided the proton conductivity in this system. The interactions and structure changes of the PHEMA-RTIL-PWA composites were investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectra, differential scanning calorimetry, and X-ray diffraction. PWA fillers maintained their Keggin structure within a limited range and enhanced the ionic conductivity of the composite electrolyte. The electrolyte with PWA at the 2 wt.% showed the highest ionic conductivity of 8 x 10(-4) S cm(-1) at room temperature and 96% relative humidity. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.