Polymer, Vol.47, No.23, 7962-7969, 2006
The preparation and rheology characterization of long chain branching polypropylene
In order to study the theological behavior of long chain branching (LCB) polypropylene (PP), linear polypropylene was modified by melt grafting reaction in the presence of 2,5-dimethyl-2,5(tert-butylperoxy) hexane peroxide and pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETA) in mixer. The transient torque curves and Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) results indicated that macroradical recombination reactions took place and PETA had been grafted onto PP backbone. Various theological p lots including viscosity curve, storage modulus, loss angle, Han plot, Cole-Cole plot were used to distinguish LCB PP from linear PP. On the other hand, to quantify the LCB level in modified PPs, a new method was suggested on the basis of macromolecular dynamics models. The results showed that the level of LCB was in the range of 0.025-0.38/10(4) C. Moreover, the length of the branched chains and the content of the branched component increase with PETA concentration. Furthermore, the LCB efficiency of monomer can also be calculated, less than 20% of grafting monomers was used to form branch structure. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.