Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol.44, No.22, 3215-3226, 2006
Nonisothermal crystallization behavior of the poly(ethylene glycol) block in poly(L-lactide)-poly(ethylene glycol) diblock copolymers: Effect of the poly(L-lactide) block length
The confined crystallization behavior, melting behavior, and nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of the poly(ethylene glycol) block (PEG) in poly(L-lactide)poly(ethylene glycol) (PLLA-PEG) diblock copolymers were investigated with wideangle X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry. The analysis showed that the nonisothermal crystallization behavior changed from fitting the Ozawa equation and the Avrami equation modified by Jeziorny to deviating from them with the molecular weight of the poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) block increasing. This resulted from the gradual strengthening of the confined effect, which was imposed by the crystallization of the PLLA block. The nucleation mechanism of the PEG block of PLLA15000-PEG5000 at a larger degree of supercooling was different from that of PLLA2500-PEG5000, PLLA5000-PEG5000, and PEG5000 (the numbers after PEG and PLLA denote the molecular weights of the PEG and PLLA blocks, respectively). They were homogeneous nucleation and heterogeneous nucleation, respectively. The PLLA block bonded chemically with the PEG block and increased the crystallization activation energy, but it provided nucleating sites for the crystallization of the PEG block, and the crystallization rate rose when it was heterogeneous nucleation. The number of melting peaks was three and one for the PEG homopolymer and the PEG block of the diblock copolymers, respectively. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords:differential scanning calorimetry (DSC);melt;nonisothermal crystallization kinetics;nucleation;wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD)