화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.68, No.1-2, 21-27, 2006
Two-stage catalyst system for selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3 at low temperatures
Three catalysts, 1 wt.% Pt/Al2O3, 20 wt.% Cu/Al2O3, and 1 wt.% Pt-20 wt.% Cu/Al2O3 were evaluated for the oxidation of NO by 02 and the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx by NH3 in the absence and presence of H2O. The Pt/Al2O3 catalyst exhibited the largest values in NO oxidation efficiency and NO, removal efficiency among the three catalysts. The presence of H2O caused a drop in the NO oxidation and the SCR activities. The SCR performance was significantly improved when Pt/Al2O3 and Cu/Al2O3 catalysts were employed sequentially in a reactor. The highest SCR performance was achieved using two separate stages: oxidation of NO by O-2 over the Pt/Al2O3 catalyst followed by reduction of NO2 by NH3 over the Cu/Al2O3 catalyst. Under the condition with H2O, the two-stage catalyst system showed NO, removal efficiency over 80% at low temperatures below 200 degrees C, which was the highest value among the catalyst systems used in this study. The physical and chemical properties of the catalysts were determined using nitrogen adsorption, XRD, TPR, and pulse CO chemisorption experiments. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.