Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol.110, No.37, 18130-18133, 2006
Direct identification of conformational isomers of adsorbed oligothiophene on Cu(100)
A direct conformational analysis using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) has been performed for individual adsorbed alpha-octithiophene molecules on Cu(100). s-cis and s-trans conformational isomers are induced by the rotational flexibility of individual thiophene rings. By adding bulky N-silyl substituents to octithiophene, we successfully identify the s-cis and s-trans conformational isomers using STM. The obtained relative abundances of the s-cis and s-trans conformations are analyzed using ab initio molecular orbital calculations.