Polymer, Vol.45, No.1, 287-293, 2004
Changes in the miscibility of binary and ternary blends having the same chemical components and compositions
The phase behavior of ternary blends of dimethylpolycarbonate (DMPC), tetramethyl polycarbonate (TMPC), styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) copolymer has been explored. The experimental phase behavior of ternary blends was compared with that of binary blends having the same chemical components and compositions except that the DMPC and TMPC were present in the form of copolycarbonates (DMPC-TMPC). Miscible region of DMPC/TMPC/SAN ternary blends is narrower than that of DMPC-TMPC/SAN binary blends. In addition, phase separation temperature of binary blend was higher than that of corresponding ternary blend. However, the entropic and energetic terms of ternary blends were more favorable for miscibility than those of binary blends. To understand the phase behavior of blends, phase stability conditions of binary and ternary blends were analyzed. Some ternary blends that have negative interaction energy were not miscible because these blends do not satisfy stability conditions. It was revealed that the addition of component, accompanied by the asymmetry in the binary interactions, results in destabilization of blend. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.