Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol.110, No.15, 5215-5223, 2006
Synthesis and photophysical properties of silicon phthalocyanines with axial siloxy ligands bearing alkylamine termini
Eleven silicon phthalocyanines which can be grouped into two homologous series [SiPc[OSi(CH3)(2)(CH2)(n)N-(CH3)(2)](2), n = 1-6 (series 1), and SiPc[OSi(CH3)(2)(CH2)(3)N((CH2)(n)H)(2)](2), n = 1-6 (series 2)] as well as an analogous phthalocyanine, SiPc[OSi(CH3)(2)(CH2)(3)NH2](2), were synthesized. The ground state absorption spectra, the triplet state dynamics, and singlet oxygen quantum yields of 10 of these phthalocyanines were measured. All compounds displayed similar ground state absorption spectral properties in dimethylformamide solution with single Q band maxima at 668 +/- 2 nm and B band maxima at 352 +/- 1 nm. Photoexcitation of all compounds in the B bands generated the optical absorptions of the triplet states which decayed with lifetimes in the hundreds of microseconds region. Oxygen quenching bimolecular rate constants near 2 x 10(9) M-1 s(-1) were measured, indicating that energy transfer to oxygen was exergonic. Singlet oxygen quantum yields, Phi(Delta), were measured, and those phthalocyanines in which the axial ligands are terminated by dimethylamine residues at the end of alkyl chains having four or more methylene links exhibited yields near >= 0.35. Others gave singlet oxygen quantum yields near 0.2, and still others showed singlet oxygen yields of < 0.1. The reduced singlet oxygen yields are probably caused by a charge transfer quenching of the (1)pi pi* state of the phthalocyanine by interaction with the lone pair electrons on the nitrogen atoms of the amine termini. In some cases, these can approach and interact with the electronically excited pi-framework, owing to diffusive motions of the flexible oligo-methylene tether.