Langmuir, Vol.22, No.8, 3763-3774, 2006
Bionanofabrication of metallic and semiconductor nanoparticle arrays using S-layer protein lattices with different lateral spacings and geometries
Two-dimensional (2-D) Surface layer (S-layer) protein lattices isolated from the Gram-positive bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans and the acidothermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius were investigated and compared for their ability to biotemplate the formation of self-assembled, ordered arrays of inorganic nanoparticles (NPs). The NPs employed for these Studies included citrate-capped gold NPs and various species of CdSe/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs). The QD nanocrystals were functionalized with different types of thiol ligands (negative- or positive-charged/short- or long-chain length) in order to render them hydrophilic and thus water-soluble. Transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform analyses, and pair correlation function calculations revealed that ordered nanostructured arrays with a range of spacings (similar to 7-22 nm) and different geometrical arrangements could be fabricated through the use of the two types of S-layers. These results demonstrate that it is possible to exploit the physicochemical/structural diversity of prokaryotic S-layer scaffolds to vary the morphological patterning of nanoscale metallic and semiconductor NP arrays.