Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.61, No.9, 3018-3024, 2006
The effect of pH on experimental and simulation results of transient drop size distributions in stirred liquid-liquid dispersions
A novel parameter study with experimental and numerical investigations of transient drop size distributions was carried out in order to study published model approaches for dispersed systems on the basis of the population balance equation. In terms of breakage and coalescence behaviour the dependency of the drop size distributions on power input, phase fraction, and especially pH was studied with the system toluene-water. With higher pH, coalescence is hindered considerably. As a consequence, the transient evolution of drop size distributions after starting the stirrer is changing and the time for reaching the stationary distribution increases. For the simulation applying the breakage and coalescence models a very efficient solver for the population balance equation (PBE), the program PARSIVAL (R) is used. The simulation results of transient drop size distributions are in good agreement with the experimental data for various power inputs. The influence of the dispersed phase fraction is not characterized correctly. A proportionality between the Sauter mean diameter and the Weber number d(32) similar to We(-0.5) was measured for pH 13 and different phase fractions. The commonly reported exponent -0.6 for systems with low coalescence seems to be not applicable with higher pH and increased dispersed phase fraction. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.