Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.61, No.9, 2977-2985, 2006
Investigation of the convective motion through a staggered herringbone micromixer at low Reynolds number flow
A computational study is presented of the complex flow through a staggered herringbone micromixer (SHM), which utilises sequences of asymmetrical herringbone grooves in cycles where a set of topologically similar grooves represent a half cycle. It was analysed using finite-element (method) based software to elucidate the fluid flow within the channel and characterise the effect of the grooves at moving fluid across the channel thus creating non-axial fluid movement. Three separate physical systems were modelled: a channel containing a single groove, a half cycle of infinite grooves and an infinite system with one groove per half cycle. A range of groove heights were investigated for the single groove for the Reynolds number range 0-15 to identify the mechanics through which fluid is transported across the channel by the grooves, the effect that inertial and viscous forces have on the process and to identify a groove height range for optimised cross channel fluid transfer. The flow field within the grooves at various heights was analysed and their relationship with non-axial flow within the bulk channel identified. The culminating effect of increasing grooves per half cycle on their ability to transport fluid across the channel is analysed by comparing the entrainment of fluid into and across the groove for both a single and infinite grooves. The maximum increase in fluid entrainment per groove for the addition of extra grooves to a cycle was found to be 14%. The helicity (or swirl) of the flow within the channel is found to be small for all three systems, while increased helicity within the flow was found to correspond to an increase in energy dissipation. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.