Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.99, No.4, 1986-1991, 2006
Effects of dibutyltin dilaurate and epoxidized soya bean oil on the thermal stability of chlorinated natural rubber from latex
The effects of dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTL) and epoxidized soya bean oil (EBO) on the dehydrochlorination reaction of chlorinated natural rubber (CNR) from latex were studied by the measurement of the HCl evolving rate during the thermal degradation of CNR and by the determination of the amounts of cyclic conjugated dienes that formed on the CNR molecular chains. During the early stage of the thermal degradation of CNR at 150 degrees C, HCl was eliminated, and the cyclic conjugated dienes formed on the CNR molecular chains. Under the effects of DBTL and EBO, the HCl evolving rates during the early stage of the thermal degradation of CNR were reduced, whereas the amounts of cyclic conjugated dienes formed on the CNR molecular chains were increased. Under the effects of mixtures from the compounding of DBTL with barium stearate or 2,2'methylene-bis(4-methyl-6-tert-butyl-phenol) as well as the compounding of EBO with 2,2'-methylene-bis(4-methyl-6-tert-butyl-phenol), not only the HCl evolving rate from CNR but also the formation of cyclic conjugated dienes decreased, and this indicated that the compounded mixtures had synergistic functions against the thermal degradation of CNR. However, the mixture from the compounding of EBO with barium stearate had no synergistic effect on increasing the thermal stability of CNR. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.