Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol.109, No.47, 22120-22125, 2005
Electronic and ionic transports for negative charge carriers in smectic liquid crystalline photoconductor
We have investigated negative charge carrier transport in the smectic mesophases of the 2-phenylnaphthalene derivative, 6-(4'-octylphenyl)-2-dodecyloxynaphthalene (8-PNP-O12), using the time-of-flight (TOF) method. We revealed that the negative charge carrier transport in its smectic mesophases had two different mechanisms, i.e., electronic and ionic conductions: we observed two transits of the carriers in both the smectic A (SmA) and smectic B (SmB) phases and demonstrated their origins by dilution experiments with a hydrocarbon (n-dodecane); the fast transit was attributed to the electronic transport of electrons and the slow one to the ionic transport of negative ions. Furthermore, it was clarified that the ionic transport was caused by small amounts of chemical impurities ionized by trapping photogenerated electrons in 8-PNP-O12 in addition to photoinduced autoionization of the impurities. Furthermore, we determined the trapping lifetimes for electrons to be 140 and 24 mu s for the SmA and SmB phases, respectively. The experimental results suggest the coexistence of two distinctive transport channels for these charge carriers in the smectic mesophases.