Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.291, No.2, 597-599, 2005
Ammonia removal of activated carbon fibers produced by oxyfluorination
In this study, activated carbon fibers (ACFs) were produced by an oxyfluorination treatment to enhance the capacity of ammonia gas removal. The introduction of polar groups, such as C-F, C-O, and COOH, on the ACFs was confirmed by a XPS analysis, and N-2/77 K adsorption isotherm characteristics including specific surface area and total and micropore volumes were studied by the BET and t-plot methods. The ammonia-removal efficiency was confirmed by a gas-detecting tube technique. As a result, the specific surface area and micropore volume of AM were slightly destroyed as the surface treatment time was increased. However, the oxyfluorinated ACFs led to an increase of fluorine and oxygen-containing polar functional groups in ACF surfaces, resulting in an increase in the ammonia-removal efficiency of the ACFs produced. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.