Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.98, No.3, 1364-1372, 2005
Fluorinated segmented polyurethane anionomers for water-oil repellent surface treatments of cellulosic substrates
Three model structures of linear segmented anionomeric polyurethanes based on perfluoropolyether dimethylol-terminated oligomers, isophorone diisocyanate, and dimethylol propionic acid were synthesized and obtained in the form of aqueous dispersions. The structures differed from each other in the chemical nature of the chain extender (diol or diamine) and in the content of carboxylic acid. Dispersions and polymer films were characterized by dynamic light scattering, dynamic mechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and contact angle measurements. Diluted aqueous dispersions were also evaluated as protective sizing agents in paper treatment, both as bulk modifiers and as surface treatments. Paper sheets characterized by high water and oil repellence were obtained. The results showed that performance is mainly related to the ionic group content of the polymer and to its molecular architecture. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.