화학공학소재연구정보센터
Thin Solid Films, Vol.488, No.1-2, 254-257, 2005
Investigation of the recombination zone in the structure of red organic electroluminescent devices
A hole-blocking layer (HBL) is used to obtain red organic electroluminescence (OEL) from 4-dicyanom thylene-2-methyl-6-[2-(2,3,6,7tetrahydro-1H,5H-benzo[ij]quinolizin-8-yl) vinyl]-4H-pyran (DCM2) fluorescent dye. Indium tin oxide (ITO) was used as a glass substrate and N,N'-bis-(1-naphthyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1-biphenyl-4-4'-diamine (NPB) as a hole transport layer and an emissive layer. DCM2, as a red fluorescent dye, was doped into the NPB layer. Bathocuproine (BCP) was used as a hole-blocking layer (HBL); tris-(8-hydroxy-quinoline) aluminum (Alq(3)) was used in the electron transport layer, and aluminum (Al) was used as a cathode in red organic electroluminescent (OEL) devices with the configuration ITO/NPB (30 - x nm)/NPB:DCM2 (1.5 nm)/NPB (x nm)/BCP (30 nm)/Alq(3) (40 =)/Al. BCP acted as HBL, sp the electrons and holes recombine in the NPB:DCM2 layer. Accordingly, the OEL device emits red light by energy transfer from NPB to DCM2. The recombination zone of electrons and holes was investigated by varying the NPB:DCM2 location in the OEL device. This investigation indicates that the optimum thickness of the carrier recombination zone was x = 0 - 3 m, as measured from the interface of the BCP layer. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.