Polymer, Vol.46, No.19, 8185-8193, 2005
Structure-property behavior of poly(dimethylsiloxane) based segmented polyurea copolymers modified with poly(propylene oxide)
Poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) was incorporated in a controlled manner between poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and urea segments in segmented polyurea copolymers and their solid state structure-property behavior was investigated. The copolymers contained PDMS segments of MW 3200 or 7000 g/mol and an overall hard segment content of wt%. PPO segments of MW 450 or 2000 g/mol were utilized. Equivalent polyurea copolymers based on only PDMS as the soft segment (SS) component were used as controls. The materials (with or without PPO) utilized in this study were able to develop microphase morphology as determined from dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). DMA and SAXS results suggested that the ability of the PPO segments to hydrogen bond with the urea segments results in a limited inter-segmental mixing which leads to the formation of a gradient interphase, especially in the PPO-2000 co-SS containing copolymers. DMA also demonstrated that the polyureas based on only PDMS as the SS possessed remarkably broad and nearly temperature insensitive rubbery plateaus that extended up to ca. 175 degrees C, the upper temperature limit depending upon the PDMS MW. However, the incorporation of PPO resulted in more temperature sensitive rubbery plateaus. A distinct improvement in the Young's modulus, tensile strength, and elongation at break in the PPO-2000 and PDMS-7000 containing copolymers was observed due to inter-segmental hydrogen bonding and the formation of a gradient interphase. However, when PPO was incorporated as the co-SS, the extent of stress relaxation and mechanical hysteresis of the copolymers increased relative to the segmented polyureas based on the utilization of only PDMS as the soft segment component. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.