Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol.43, No.16, 2207-2218, 2005
Fracture behaviors of silane-cured metallocene-catalyzed polyethylene thermoplastic vulcanizate
Silane moisture-cured metallocene-catalyzed polyethylene (mPE) blend to form a novel thermoplastic vulcanizate (TPV) has been prepared. Metallocene polyethylenes with two different levels of comonomer contents were grafted with various amounts of vinyltriethoxy silane. As a result, tensile strength varies slightly with increasing the levels of silane concentrations, at all test temperatures. Tear strength generally decreases with reduced energy dissipation, at higher degrees of cure. "Threshold" fracture energy is roughly proportional to the reciprocal square root of Young's modulus. By relating tensile strength to tear strength, it was found that the corrected average depth of flaw is in the range of 29.3 +/- 7.2 mu m, which successfully confirms the extension of Rivlin and Thomas's theory for conventional elastomers to TPVs under an elaborate treatment, due to the limitation of the theory. Cutting strength of mPE TPVs gives an intermediate value when compared with that of crystalline plastics and conventional elastomers, which further signifies the importance of crystalline yielding even in the nanofracture zone of deformation. (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords:fracture;metallocene-catalyzed polyethylene (mPE);silane crosslinking;thermoplastic vulcanizate (TPV)