Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.285, No.1, 167-178, 2005
CFD simulation of shear-induced aggregation and breakage in turbulent Taylor-Couette flow
An experimental and computational investigation of the effects of local fluid shear rate on the aggregation and breakage of similar to 10 mu m latex spheres suspended in an aqueous solution undergoing turbulent Taylor-Couette flow was carried out. First, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed and the flow field predictions were validated with data from particle image velocimetry experiments. Subsequently, the quadrature method of moments (QMOM) was implemented into the CFD code to obtain predictions for mean particle size that account for the effects of local shear rate on the aggregation and breakage. These predictions were then compared with experimental data for latex sphere aggregates (using an in situ optical imaging method). Excellent agreement between the CFD-QMOM and experimental results was observed for two Reynolds numbers in the turbulent-flow regime. (c) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.