Langmuir, Vol.21, No.10, 4482-4489, 2005
Interfacial dilatational elasticity and viscosity of beta-lactoglobulin at air-water interface using pulsating bubble tensiometry
The ability of proteins to provide stability in foams is greatly influenced by their interfacial dilatational rheological properties. Surface tension response of a pulsating bubble with an adsorbed layer of β-lactoglobulin was measured for different frequencies and protein concentrations using a pulsating bubble tensiometer. A methodology, accounting for adsorption/desorption as well as variation of surface concentration due to expansion/contraction, was developed for the evaluation of surface dilatational elasticity and viscosity at different frequencies from these measurements. The adsorption rate constants were inferred from the surface pressure dynamics of protein adsorption using a Langmuir minitrough. The desorption rates were shown to be negligible for β-lactoglobulin from the surface pressure response of a spread monolayer when subjected to compression in a Langmuir minitrough. The proposed model was employed to infer the interfacial dilatational viscosity and elasticity of an adsorbed P-lactoglobulin layer at the air-water interface from experimental pulsating bubble data for protein concentrations in the range of 0.01-0.5 wt % at pH 7. As expected, the interfacial dilatational rheological properties were found to be higher at higher protein concentrations, this effect being less pronounced for dilatational elasticity. Heating at 80 &DEG; C for 30 min was found to result in higher interfacial dilatational viscosity and lower interfacial dilatational elasticity though this difference was within experimental error. The traditional approach for the inference of interfacial dilatational rheological properties is found to overpredict the interfacial dilatational elasticity whereas the viscosity values do not differ significantly from those obtained using the current analysis.