Thin Solid Films, Vol.475, No.1-2, 354-358, 2005
Physical and electrical properties of ZrO2 and YSZ high-k gate dielectric thin films grown by RF magnetron sputtering
Thin films of ZrO2 were deposited on p-Si(100) substrates using RF magnetron sputtering technique. To investigate the influence of the sputtering parameters, e.g., annealin g temperature, different O -flux, RF power and target to substrate distance on the physical and -ared (FT-IR), electrical properties of the as town films, systematic investigation using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform inti scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX), C-V, and I-V were carried out in this work. Deposited ZrO2 films had polycrystalline after annealing sample at high temperature. Their silicon oxide (SiO2) layers were formed between high-k film (i.e., ZrO2 and YSZ) and Si substrate either after annealing samples at high temperature or introducing O-2-flux the sputtering process step. The high-k thin films have to be deposited amorphous structure without SiO2 interlayers. We also investigated the electrical properties of both the a-ZrO2 and a-YSZ films prepared without O-2-flux at room temperature with conditions of various RF power and target to substrate distance. The dielectric constant of amorphous YSZ was determined to be about 24 using metal-insulator semiconductor (MIS) capacitor structure. The smallest leakage current density of the YSZ film grown at 150 W and at room temperature was obtained to be about 10(-10) at 1 V. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.