Polymer, Vol.46, No.3, 965-975, 2005
Morphology and mechanical properties in the binary blends of isotactic polypropylene and novel propylene-co-olefin random copolymers with isotactic propylene sequence 1. Ethylene-propylene copolymers
The additive effects of the novel ethylene-propylene random (EP) copolymers with high isotacticity in propylene sequence on the morphology and mechanical properties of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) were investigated using polarized optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, dynamic mechanical analysis and tensile behavior. According to these results, the EP copolymers with a propylene content of more than 84 mol% were miscible with iPP, in which the crystallizable PP sequences in these EP copolymers were incorporated in crystal lattice of iPP and the other portions in the EP chains were excluded to the amorphous phases. Consequently, they act as tie molecules linking between adjacent lamellae, leading to enhancement of yield toughness of iPP. On the other hand, the EP copolymers with a propylene-unit content of less than 77 mol% were incompatible with iPP. The iPP/EP blends showed the phase-separated morphology. (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd.