Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.282, No.2, 380-396, 2005
CFD simulation of aggregation and breakage processes in laminar Taylor-Couette flow
An experimental and computational investigation of the effects of local fluid shear rate on the aggregation and breakage of similar to10 mum latex spheres suspended in an aqueous solution undergoing laminar Taylor-Couette flow was carried out according to the following program. First, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were performed and the flow field predictions were validated with data from particle image velocimetry experiments. Subsequently, the quadrature method of moments (QMOM) was implemented into the CFD code to obtain predictions for mean particle size that account for the effects of local shear rate on the aggregation and breakage. These predictions were then compared with experimental data for latex sphere aggregates (using an in situ optical imaging method) and with predictions using spatial average shear rates. The mean particle size evolution predicted by CFD and QMOM using appropriate kinetic expressions that incorporate information concerning the particle morphology (fractal dimension) and the local fluid viscous effects on aggregation collision efficiency match well with the experimental data. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.