화학공학소재연구정보센터
Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol.36, No.2-3, 301-306, 2005
Kinetic study of ferrous sulphate oxidation of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans in the presence of heavy metal ions
Acidophilic microorganisms such as Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans have the capability to carry out processes of bioleaching, biosorption and bioprecipitation of heavy metal ions, which have important environmental applications. At. ferrooxidans derives the energy for their metabolism from ferrous iron oxidation, process, which can be affected by the presence of heavy metals in the medium. Moreover. oraganic matter produces an inhibitory effect over the ferrous iron oxidation of At. ferrooxidans. In this work. heterotrophic bacterium Acidiphilium sp. was added when the medium is supplemented with organic matter to reduce this negative effect. The purpose of this work is the kinetic study of ferrous sulphate oxidation by At. ferrooxidans in the presence of different concentrations of several heavy metal ions (Cr(III), Cu(II). Cd(II), Zn(II) and Ni(II)) and compare this kinetic behaviour with a mixed culture with Acidiphilium sp. The obtained results show a non-competitive inhibition of heavy metals over bacterial oxidation of ferrous sulphate. In accordance with this kind of inhibition, a kinetic equation has been proposed to predict the behaviour of At. ferrooxidans in the presence of heavy metals in the range of concentrations studied. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.