Journal of Membrane Science, Vol.240, No.1-2, 123-128, 2004
Direct contact membrane distillation of humic acid solutions
Direct contact membrane distillation process has been conducted for the treatment of humic acid solutions using microporous polytetrafluoroethylene and polyvinylidene fluoride membranes. The membranes were characterized in terms of their non-wettability, pore size and porosity. Water advancing and receding contact angles on the top membrane surfaces were measured. Experiments were also carried out employing pure water as feed at different mean temperatures and the water vapor permeance of each membrane was determined. Different humic acid concentrations in the feed solution, pH values and transmembrane temperature difference were tested. The direct contact membrane distillation technique is more adequate for the treatment of humic acid solutions than the applied pressure-driven separation processes, as lower membrane fouling was detected. (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.