Journal of Membrane Science, Vol.230, No.1-2, 141-148, 2004
Surface orientation effect of asymmetric polyimide hollow fibers on their gas transport properties
In this study, we focused on the shear stress effects within a spinneret during hollow fiber spinning on the formation of the hollow fibers and their gas transport properties. We fabricated asymmetric polyimide hollow fibers with a completely defect-free thin skin layer using a dry/wet phase inversion process. The apparent calculated skin layer thickness of the hollow fiber was 280 nm and the O-2 permeance was 2.9 x 10(-5) cm(3) (STP)/(cm(2) s cmHg). Interestingly, the skin layer thickness was reduced at the high shear rate. In addition, the gas permeances and selectivities of the hollow fibers increased with the increasing shear rate. We concluded that the oriented skin layer of the hollow fiber induced by shear stress had a significant influence on the formation of the skin layer and its gas transport properties. From the ATR-IR spectra results, it was clear that the surface skin layer of the hollow fiber was parallel oriented. (C) 2003 Elsevier BY All rights reserved.