International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.47, No.5, 1099-1103, 2004
Effect of tip clearance on the cooling performance of a microchannel heat sink
In this paper, the effect of tip clearance on the cooling performance of the microchannel heat sink is presented under the fixed pumping power condition. The thermal resistance of a microchannel heat sink is defined for evaluating its cooling performance. The effect of tip clearance is numerically investigated by increasing tip clearance from zero under the fixed pumping power condition. From the numerical results, the optimized tip clearance is determined, for which the thermal resistance has a minimum value. Finally, we show that the presence of tip clearance can improve the cooling performance of a microchannel heat sink when tip clearance is smaller than a channel width. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.