Energy Conversion and Management, Vol.45, No.11-12, 1883-1916, 2004
Three dimensional, two phase flow mathematical model for PEM fuel cell: Part II. Analysis and discussion of the internal transport mechanisms
The internal transport mechanisms, which were acquired from the modeling results in Part 1 of this series, are discussed and compared for PEM fuel cells with a conventional flow field and an interdigitated flow field. The modeling results show that the oxygen concentration fraction in an interdigitated flow field is higher than that in a conventional flow field to increase the reaction rate, and the liquid water saturation in the former flow field is much less than that in the latter one at the cathode side to reduce the concentration overpotential largely. However, if the cathode inlet air in a PEM fuel cell with interdigitated flow field is not humidified, the performance of this fuel cell is inferior to that of a PEM fuel cell with conventional flow field because of a larger ohmic overpotential. As a result, the humidification is important for an interdigitated flow field to acquire a much better performance than a conventional flow field. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.