Bioresource Technology, Vol.91, No.3, 249-257, 2004
Kinetic modeling and equilibrium studies during cadmium biosorption by dead Sargassum sp biomass
A basic investigation on the removal of cadmium(II) ions from aqueous solutions by dead Sargassum sp. was conducted in batch conditions. The influence of different experimental parameters; initial pH, shaking rate, sorption time, temperature and initial concentrations of cadmium ions on cadmium uptake was evaluated. Results indicated that cadmium uptake could be described by the Langmuir adsorption model, being the monolayer capacity negatively affected with an increase in temperature. Analogously, the adsorption equilibrium constant decreased with increasing temperature. The kinetics of the adsorption process followed a second-order adsorption, with characteristic constants increasing with increasing temperature. Activation energy of biosorption could be calculated as equal to 10 kcal/mol. The biomass used proved to be suitable for removal of cadmium from dilute solutions. Its maximum uptake capacity was 120 mg/g. It can be considered an optimal result when compared to conventional adsorbing materials. Thus Sargassum sp. has great potential for removing cadmium ions especially when concentration of this metal is low in samples such as wastewater streams. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.