화학공학소재연구정보센터
Polymer(Korea), Vol.29, No.1, 14-18, January, 2005
촉매 함량 변화에 따라 합성된 나일론의 마찰 특성에 관한 연구
Study on the Frictional Properties of Nylons Synthesized by Varying Catalyst Content
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초록
ε-카프로락탐(CL)의 음이온 중합에 있어서 개시제의 양을 고정하고 촉매 양을 변화시키면서 합성한 나일론의 분자량, 기계적 물성 및 마찰 특성에 관하여 연구하였다. 전체적으로 촉매/개시제 비율이 높을수록 중합속도, 반응전 환율 및 분자량은 증가하였으며, 충격강도를 제외한 물성도 향상되었으나, 촉매/개시제 비율 1.0% 이상에서는 큰 변화가 나타나지 않았다. 한편, 나일론의 마찰 특성은 기계적 물성 중에서도 인장강도 및 경도에 의해 직접적으로 영향을 받는 것으로 나타났다. 마찰계수, 응력(p)과 운동속도(v)의 곱인 PV 한계 및 상대마모량의 측정 결과를 종합하면, 촉매/개시제 비율 1.0% 하에서 제조된 나일론이 마찰 기계요소로서는 최적의 성질을 갖는 것으로 밝혀졌다.
Nylons were synthesized by anionic polymerization of ε-caprolactam while varying the content of catalyst. Polymerization rates, molecular weights, mechanical properities and frictional properties of the nylons were investigated. As the ratio of catalyst to initiator was increased up to 1.0%, the polymerization rate, conversion and molecular weight were found to increase, and mechanical properties except impact strength were improved. Frictional properties were affected mainly by tensile strength and hardness. According to the study on the friction coefficient, product of stress (P) and velocity (V), PV limit, and abrasive wear rate, nylon synthesized at 1.0% of the ratio of catalyst to initiator showed the best performance for sliding machine elements.
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