화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol.120, No.13, 6268-6273, 2004
Transport coefficients of aqueous dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide solutions: Comparison between experiments, analytical calculations and numerical simulations
We study dynamical properties of ionic species in aqueous solutions of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide, for several concentrations below and above the critical micellar concentration (cmc). New experimental determinations of the electrical conductivity are given which are compared to results obtained from an analytical transport theory; transport coefficients of ions in these solutions above the cmc are also computed from Brownian dynamics simulations. Analytical calculations as well as the simulation treat the solution within the framework of the continuous solvent model. Above the cmc, three ionic species are considered: the monomer surfactant, the micelle and the counterion. The analytical transport theory describes the structural properties of the electrolyte solution within the mean spherical approximation and assumes that the dominant forces which determine the deviations of transport processes from the ideal behavior (i.e., without any interactions between ions) are hydrodynamic interactions and electrostatic relaxation forces. In the simulations, both direct interactions and hydrodynamic interactions between solutes are taken into account. The interaction potential is modeled by pairwise repulsive 1/r(12) interactions and Coulomb interactions. The input parameters of the simulation (radii and self-diffusion coefficients of ions at infinite dilution) are partially obtained from the analytical transport theory which fits the experimental determinations of the electrical conductivity. Both the electrical conductivity of the solution and the self-diffusion coefficients of each species computed from Brownian dynamics are compared to available experimental data. In every case, the influence of hydrodynamic interactions (HIs) on the transport coefficients is investigated. It is shown that HIs are crucial to obtain agreement with experiments. In particular, the self-diffusion coefficient of the micelle, which is the largest and most charged species in the present system, is enhanced when HIs are included whereas the diffusion coefficients of the monomer and the counterion are roughly not influenced by HIs. (C) 2004 American Institute of Physics.