Thermochimica Acta, Vol.404, No.1-2, 193-205, 2003
Hydrolysis of waste polyethylene terephthalate and characterization of products by differential scanning calorimetry
Neutral hydrolysis of waste polyethylene terephthalate (PET) has been carried out with different amounts of water and different catalysts, in the presence of xylene. The organic solvent made it possible to employ very little amounts of water, lower temperatures and pressures and providing concentrated ethylene glycol (EG) solutions in contrast with previous methods, yielding intermediates suitable for PET preparation. These intermediates were characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, acid value (AV), hydroxyl value (HV), viscosity average molecular weight ((M) over bar (v)) determinations as well as by DSC. Multiple heating/cooling runs in DSC apparatus were carried out and a deconvolution procedure was applied using Haarhoff-Van der Linde (HVL) function to verify the presence of the same components and also to compare polymerization tendency of these various hydrolysis products. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:polyethylene terephthalate;chemical recycling;hydrolysis;DSC deconvolution;Haarhoff-Van Der Linde function