Journal of Power Sources, Vol.119, 784-788, 2003
Anodic behavior of aluminum current collector in LiTFSI solutions with different solvent compositions
The anodic behavior of aluminum (Al) current collector of Li-ion batteries has been investigated in organic electrolyte solutions containing lithium bis[trifluoromethylsulfonyl]imide (Li(CF3SO2)(2)N:LiTFSI) with different compositions of solvents. The Al anode was subjected to anodic corrosion in the LiTFSI solution, but the degree of the corrosion depended on the solvent composition. The surface of Al pre-treated by mechanical polishing has suffered serious corrosion in the mixed solvent solution of ethylene carbonate (EC) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC), whereas the Al surface pre-treated by electro-polishing was relatively stable in the mixed solvent of gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) and DMC. The results of electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM) experiments showed that the mass change of the Al surface during the potential cycling in GBL + DMC was much different from that in the EC + DMC solution. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observation proved that the corrosion pits evolved on the electro-polished Al surface after potential cycling, but GBL resulted in a smaller amount of the corrosion product on the Al surface. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.