Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.264, No.2, 343-353, 2003
Structural-chemical disorder of manganese dioxides II. Influence on textural properties
Relationships between structural parameters of MnO2 and their surface properties at the solid-gas interface were investigated. The studied series ranged from ramsdellite to pyrolusite and encompassed disordered gamma-MnO2 samples. The structural model used takes into account structural defects: Pr (rate of pyrolusite intergrowth in the ramsdellite network) and Tw (rate of microtwinning). Analysis of the N-2 adsorption isotherm evidenced positive correlations between specific surface area and Tw for gamma-MnO2 only and between the energetic constant C and (1-Pr). No microporosity is evidenced. Water adsorption isotherms evidenced the dependence of the H2O monolayer volume on Tw and showed a positive correlation between the cross-section area of water molecules adsorbed in the first monolayer and Pr, ranging from 13.5 Angstrom(2) for Pr = 1 to 6.3 Angstrom(2) for Pr = 0.2 (12 sites/nm(2)). Energetic heterogeneity is quantified from Ar and N-2 low-pressure adsorption isotherms with the DIS procedure and correlated with H2O adsorption. High-energy adsorption domains are quantified and assigned to the different crystal faces: (110) faces with a common 1 x 1 octahedra layer of pyrolusite and ramsdellite and the (001) face of ramsdellite with 2 x 2 octahedra on which channels and plateaus are differentiated. The specific surface area ratio of ramsdellite high-energy sites to total ramsdellite content is shown to depend on Tw. The dependence on microtwinning of low cross-sectional area of N-2 and much lower cross-sectional of residual H2O molecules leads us to assume that their adsorption sites on grain boundaries are represented by the twin planes between the structured nanocrystals generated by oxygen evolution during MD synthesis. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.