International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.46, No.23, 4513-4525, 2003
Improvement of thermal characteristics of latent heat thermal energy storage units using carbon-fiber brushes: experiments and modeling
Brushes made of carbon fibers with a high thermal conductivity are inserted on the shell side of a heat exchanger to enhance the conductive heat transfer rates in phase change materials. The experimental results show that the brushes essentially improve the heat exchange rate during the charge and discharge processes even when the volume fractions of the fibers are about one percent. A three-dimensional model describing the heat transfer in the heat exchanger is numerically solved. The model predicts well the experimental outlet fluid temperatures and the local temperatures in the composite. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.