Thermochimica Acta, Vol.400, No.1-2, 227-234, 2003
Eudragit as controlled release system for anti-inflammatory drugs - A comparison between DSC and dialysis experiments
A comparative study between the release of Ibuprofen (IBU) from Eudragit RS100((R)) (RS) and RL100((R)) (RL) nanosuspensions as well as the free drug to a biological model membrane, consisting of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) multilamellar vesicles (MLV), was carried out by DSC technique. The aim was to assess the suitability of such calorimetric technique to determine the kinetics of drug release from a polymer system, compared with a classical release test by dialysis method. Nanosuspensions were prepared by a modification of the quasi-emulsion solvent diffusion technique (QESD), a particular approach to the general solvent-change method. This kind of system was planned for the ophthalmic release of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in ocular diseases associated with inflammatory processes (i.e. post-cataract surgery or uveitis). The drug release was monitored by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), following the effects exerted by IBU on the thermotropic behaviour of DMPC multilamellar vesicles. IBU affects the main transition temperature (T-m) of phospholipid vesicles, causing a shift towards lower values, driven by the drug fraction entering the lipid bilayer. The obtained values have been used as a calibration curve. DSC was performed on suspensions of blank liposomes added to fixed amounts of unloaded and IBU-loaded Eudragit RS 100((R)) and RL100((R)) nanosuspensions as well as to powdered free drug. The T-m shifts caused by the drug released from the polymer system or by the free drug, during incubation cycles at 37 degreesC, were compared to the calibration curve in order to obtain the fraction of drug released. The results were also compared with in vitro dialysis release experiments. The suitability of the two different techniques to follow the drug release as well as the differences between the RL and RS polymer systems was compared, confirming the efficacy of DSC for studying the release from polymer nanoparticulate systems. Explanation of the different rate of kinetic release could be due to void liposomes, which represent a better up-taking system than the aqueous solution phase in the dialysis experiments.