Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.88, No.9, 2280-2299, 2003
Development of an additive equation for predicting the electrical conductivity of carbon-filled composites
The electrical conductivity of polymeric materials can be increased by the addition of carbon fillers. The resulting composites can be used in applications such as electrostatic dissipation and interference shielding. Electrical conductivity models are often proposed to predict the conductivity behavior of these materials. The electrical conductivity of carbon-filled polymers was studied here by the addition of three single fillers to nylon 6,6 and polycarbonate in increasing concentrations. The fillers used in this project were carbon black, synthetic-graphite particles, and milled pitch-based carbon fibers. Materials were extruded and injection-molded into test specimens, and then the electrical conductivity was measured. Additional material characterization tests included optical microscopy for determining the filler aspect ratio and orientation. The filler and matrix surface energies were also determined. An updated model developed by Mamunya and others and a new additive model (including the constituent conductivities, filler volume fraction, percolation threshold, constituent surface energies, filler aspect ratio, and filler orientation) fit the electrical conductivity results well. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.