Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol.89, No.1-3, 127-142, 2002
A novel method for measuring the residence time distribution in short time scale particulate systems
A novel, non-intrusive method is described for measuring the particle residence; time distribution (RTD) in a system with a short mean residence time. The method uses phosphorescent tracer particles activated by a high intensity pulse of light at the inlet. Tracer is detected using a light sensitive photomultiplier unit. Appropriate boundary conditions are maintained by using an annular feeder fluidised bed at the entrance boundary and an inline jet mixer installed at the exit boundary. This well defined arrangement of experimental boundary conditions represents a significant advance in the measurement of unbiased particle RTDs in these systems. The method was developed for measuring the particle RTD in a circulating fluidised bed (CFB) riser, but is applicable to other particle-fluid systems where a fast response measurement is required.
Keywords:particle residence time distribution;RTD;experimental method;short time scale system;circulating fluidised bed