화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Power Sources, Vol.109, No.2, 494-499, 2002
Preparation, characterization and electrolytic behavior of beta-nickel hydroxide
Nickel hydroxide is prepared by neutralizing NiSO4 solution with 4.8 M NaOH, followed by washing the precipitate and treating the slurry hydrothemially at different temperatures. The parameters varied are: initial nickel concentration; effect of presence of sodium ions during hydrothermal treatment; aging time after hydrothermal treatment. The samples so prepared are chemically analyzed and the physical and electrolytic properties such as tap density, percentage weight loss and discharge capacity are determined. On increasing the temperature from 60 to 160 C, the discharge capacity increases from 52 to 112 mAh g(-1). At 200degreesC, the discharge capacity decreases to 94 mAh g(-1). Allowing the hydroxide precipitate to age after hydrothermal treatment also causes a decrease in discharge capacity. The presence of excess sodium ions during hydrothermal treatment yields nickel hydroxide with a very low discharge capacity. The maximum discharge capacity of 160 mAh g(-1) is obtained for nickel hydroxide prepared under the following conditions: nickel concentration 43 l(-1), neutralizing agent sodium hydroxide, time of hydrothermal treatment 2 h, temperature during hydrothermal treatment 160degreesC. XRD patterns and FTIR spectra confirm the precipitate to be P-nickel hydroxide. The sample contains 62.89 wt.% Ni with a tap density of 0.96 g cm(-3). TG-DTA measurements show a weight loss of 19% with an endothermic peak at 325 degreesC which corresponds to the decomposition of nickel hydroxide to nickel oxide. The present method of preparing nickel hydroxide through hydrothermal treatment reduces the aging time to 2 h and gives a product with good filtration characteristics.