Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.249, No.2, 458-463, 2002
Pore structure and surface properties of chemically modified activated carbons for adsorption mechanism and rate of Cr(VI)
Effects of hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide treatments of activated carbons (ACs) on chromium(VI) reduction were studied. The surface properties were determined by pH, acid-base values, FT-IR, and X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS). And the porous structure of the activated carbons was characterized by adsorption of N-2/77 K. The Cr(VI) adsorption experiments were carried out to analyze the influence of porous texture and surface properties changed by the chemical surface treatments of ACs on adsorption rate with carbon-solution contact time. From the experimental results, it was observed that the extent of adsorption and reduction processes depends on both microporous structure and functional groups. And the adsorption of Cr(VI) ion was more effective in the case of acidic treatment on activated carbons, resulting from the increases of acid value (or acidic functional group) of activated carbon surfaces. However, basic treatment on activated carbons was not significantly effective on the adsorption of Cr(VI) ion, probably due to the effects of the decrease of specific surface area and basic Cr(VI) in nature.
Keywords:activated carbon;chemical treatment;X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy;surface properties;adsorption properties