Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.248, No.2, 329-339, 2002
Deposition of spherical particles onto cylindrical solid surfaces II. Experimental studies
This paper presents experimental studies of the deposition of silicone oil drops onto two different solid surfaces in an aqueous solution. A series of deposition tests were conducted to measure the dimensionless mass transfer rate (Sherwood number). The effects of three kinds of aqueous solutions and two solid surfaces on the deposition process were studied and compared with the numerical predictions based on the well-known DLVO theory. More specifically, both the experimentally measured and the numerically predicted Sherwood numbers monotonically decrease as the pH value of the aqueous solution increases. It was also found that two ionic surfactant solutions have similar influences while the electrolyte solutions have opposite effects on the deposition rate on different solid surfaces. Finally, comparison of all the experimental results for the bare glass surface with the numerical simulations shows that the deposition process of the silicone oil drops onto the hydrophilic solid surface can be satisfactorily described by the classical DLVO theory. However, the deposition data for the FC725 precoated surface are significantly larger than the numerical predictions. This fact suggests that the so-called non-DLVO attractive interaction is involved in the deposition process with the hydrophobic solid surface. This additional non-DLVO attractive interaction, which is generally called the hydrophobic interaction, still remains to be incorporated into the existing DLVO theory, if this is possible.