화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Vol.87, No.1, 97-102, 1999
Isolation and transcriptional analysis of a cellulase gene (cel1) from the basidiomycete Irpex lacteus
A gene (named cel1) homologous to the cellobiohydrolase I gene (cbh1) of Trichoderma reesei was isolated and sequenced from the white rot basidiomycete Irpex lacteus MC-2. The cell open reading frame consists of 1551 bp, which is interrupted by two introns, encoding a polypeptide of 517 amino acid residues with a calculated molecular mass of 54,522 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence showed that CEL1 (the protein encoded by cel1) has a modular structure consisting of a catalytic domain of 449 amino acids and a C-terminal cellulose-binding domain (CBD) of 36 amino acids separated by a proline-, serine-, threonine-rich linker region of 32 amino acids. The CEL1 catalytic domain is homologous with fungal cellobiohydrolases (CBHs) belonging to family 7 of the glycosyl hydrolases. The transcription of cell was induced in the presence of various cellulosic substrates and repressed by glucose. It was therefore concluded that the reported sequence represents the first cellulase gene isolated from the basidiomycete Irpex.